Interviews can be difficult. Interviews can be difficult.
Before the interview, spend some time reading about the company and practicing your answers to all the questions they might ask. Then, on the day of interview, you arrive an hour early and have a lot too many cups of coffee.
Yes, interviews can be stressful at times.
We’re here to ease your pre-interview anxiety. This guide will help you to prepare for your QA interview.
List of QA Interview Questions and Their Answers
This article will help you prepare for the type of QA interview questions that you’ll be asked, whether they’re about automation, testing, or personality.
Interviewers will often be curious about two things: Your abilities as a QA engineer, and your approach to testing.
Some questions in QA interviews will seem vague or open-ended. The interviewer is interested in your approach. The interviewer wants to know what kind of worker and how you will fit in with the testing team.
Here are some common QA interview questions. Good luck!
1. Why should I hire your services?
Interviewers all over the globe love this question. This is not a trick question, it’s an icebreaker.
This is your chance to shine. Discuss what drives you to QA and why you are the best candidate for the job. Do not be self-critical or too humble. This question is meant to highlight the strengths of the applicant.
Interviewers often ask this question. This is why entire columns have been created to help them. For more information on answering this question, check out BigInterview’s comprehensive article .
2. What is a bug?
A bug is an error, mistake, or failure in the software code that prevents the function from running properly.
3. What is the difference in severity and priority?
These distinctions are crucial for time management. The severity of an issue refers to how difficult it is to solve. Priority refers to how important the issue must be fixed.
A high-severity issue doesn’t necessarily indicate that it is a high priority.
Here’s an example:
- When a seldom used function is running on legacy software that many users cannot access, the application crashes.
Here’s an example:
- Startup displays the wrong company logo
4. What’s the difference between Assert commands and Verify commands for test automation?
The commands are very similar. Both verify that the code conditions are correct. What happens next is the difference.
- If an assert command fails, it will stop execution of code and the test will pause.
- It will execute the remaining code if a verify command fails.
5. What is the difference in Quality Assurance, Quality Control, and Testing?
Quality control Plans the process by which the testing will be performed within an organization or team. Quality control is responsible for identifying and fixing defects. Quality assurance and quality control are responsible for testing software.
This guide also discusses the differences between quality assurance and quality engineering and the differences between quality control and quality assurance .
6. When should QA begin?
QA should be started as soon as possible. As early as possible, QA leads, testers, and QA analysts should be involved in the process. This will help to avoid any headaches later on in the software development cycle. Before the software is functional, static tests can be done.
7. What is the QA testing lifecycle?
While you can discuss the test process that you are most familiar with, here’s a standard version.
8. What is a test program?
A test program describes the test’s details. It outlines the roles and potential solutions for testing before it begins.
9. What is a test plan?
It is important to include the following in your test plans:
- The scope
- The approach
- Ressources required
- Schedule of the test/s
10. What would you add to an automation test plan?
You don’t need to get into every detail when creating a plan for automated testing.
Instead, you can name some important aspects of a test program. For example, the plan should outline how tests will be created, executed and managed.
11. What is a Use Case?
A use case describes the cause and effects of a function. This ensures that both the system and user actions are communicating properly.
12. What is a Test Strategy?
The testing strategy describes the steps to be taken during the testing phase of software development.
The test strategy is different from the test plan which only describes one test. It covers the entire development phase and includes descriptions of the test tools, test group, priority, test record maintenance and test summary.
13. Is it possible to have test strategies and plans in the same document?
No. Test cases organize and collect test cases.
Test strategies are the way to approach testing. QA testers manage test plans, while QA managers or QA leads manage test strategies.
14. What are the different types of testing?
Question: Solution: Regression testing and exploratory testing, functional, load testing.
Streamline development and testing into a single collaborative workflow.
15. What are your thoughts on the benefits of manual testing?
These are some of the benefits of manual manual testing you can discuss:
- It is often less expensive than automated testing
- It can be simpler to learn manual testing for new teams and people who are new to QA so that it can be rolled-out faster.
- Similar to the previous point, manual testing is great for short-term projects where test scripts can’t be reused many times.
- Manual testing allows you to analyze the product through the eyes of the end user.
- Manual testing can make the GUI feel intuitive and produce more accurate results. However, it can be difficult to automate preferences and visual accessibility.
16. What makes a good test case?
A test case should clearly state the conditions under which the test will take place and the bugs that it hopes to uncover.
17. What is the difference between functional testing and nonfunctional testing?
Functional testing ensures that the software meets specifications and meets requirements. Nonfunctional testing is used to test important, but not essential aspects of the software like load times, stress levels and overall performance.
18. Do QAs need to resolve production problems?
While you might have different opinions, I recommend that you answer “Yes”.
It is often beneficial for the QA team to get involved in solving production problems. When possible, they should write test case to try and find the problem. The QA team is reducing the number of issues in the final product by getting involved.
19. How can you make sure that a bug is fixed in production when you discover it?
It is best to immediately create a test case and run a regression testing. This way, any future software tests should specifically check for the bug.
20. What was your last project?
This question has no easy answers. There are only guidelines. Interviewers will often ask you about your career path and past projects. Make a list in advance to help you choose the projects that best reflect your work.
My biggest piece of advice is to be honest. Do not exaggerate your contributions to previous teams. Tell them about your role in QA testing, the tools you used, and what your daily responsibilities were.
21. How can you prioritize so many tasks?
Consider how you have handled busy moments in the past. Are you a strict scheduler? Do you prefer to budget your time loosely and allow for flexibility to deal with unexpected issues? These questions will help you determine if you are a good fit for the team.
The Harvard Business Review offers a guide to help you prioritize your work projects if you feel that prioritizing multiple tasks is a weakness.
22. Please tell me about the most challenging project you have ever worked on.
Take a deep breath. Take a deep breath and let it all return to you. The emotions, the late nights spent trying to solve the problem, the excessive number of take-out containers stacked up at your test.
This is a great chance to show your passion for QA. Talk to them about what caused you the most trouble, how difficult it was to solve the problem, and how hard they worked to solve the problem.
23. Tell me about a time you missed a bug
When you asked the first question, I advised you to put your best foot forward. This is why. You might not be able to answer every question in the most flattering way.
The person responsible for hiring must be able to see that potential team members are honest about their mistakes during a QA interview.
A QA tester should not act as if there has never been an error. Open and honest. It’s almost certain that you have made a mistake or missed a bug by the time you sit down for an interview. Discuss with them the problems you encountered, the solutions you found, and the lessons you have learned.
24. How do you test a toaster that is broken?
Because some companies like this type of question, it is a bonus one. It puts the interviewer in a difficult situation, one that they probably didn’t anticipate to be in. It has the advantage of requiring quick, creative thinking and allowing the interviewee to show their creativity.
Because of the nature of the question, I won’t tell you how to test broken toaster. It’s up to your discretion.
25. What are the most important traits for leaders in QA leadership?
This question will likely be asked in any interview for QA engineers or other positions geared toward leadership. This question might be asked because your future manager wants to know about your leadership qualities.
Regardless of the answer, honesty is the best. This will help you reflect on your work and inspire you to discuss how leaders can create the right environment for you.
You can talk about strong communication, active listening and honesty. Also, empower, autonomy, vision, among other things.
26. Which testmetric do you consider the most important?
This question is not easy to answer. Your goals and test type will also play a role in your choice of metric. Acceptance testing may measure different metrics than exploratory testing.
This question can be answered by talking about a common QA metric such as “bugs/test”, which can be applied to many types of testing and what insights this metric provides.
Prepare to discuss the reasons behind choosing a particular metric based on the goals of your test, the goals for the larger organization, and how you would go about doing this.
You can get bonus points by reading Niall Lynch’s article on T2Q, or Time to Quality. It can be used for any type of test and can be easily measured. It can also tell you something about your test efforts.
27. What career goals do you have?
These answers will be yours to discover, but here are some suggestions.
FAQ for QA Interviews
This article will help you! You can prepare for a QA interview by honestly evaluating your capabilities and recognizing your weaknesses. You can brush up on your definitions and read the questions and answers. Remember that hiring is about finding the right culture for the job.
It all depends on the interviewer and the interviewee. Also, it depends on how fast you answer the questions.
Interviews for quality assurance engineers, analysts, managers, or leads can be very lengthy. There will often be multiple rounds of interviews as well as a technical interview.
QA interviews generally take between one to two hours. However, there might be multiple interviews throughout the hiring process.