QA Testing Tools
Software must be thoroughly tested before it is released to the general public. Based on the software being developed, quality control engineers can use commercial and Open Source tools to test the software. QA testing tools generally fall into three categories.
- Tools for test management
- Functional testing tools
- Tools for API testing
- Tools for unit testing
- Multi-browser testing tools
- Multi device testing tools
- Tools for performance testing
Here are some QA tools that you and your QC team might find useful.
Test Management Tools
These tools allow quality assurance engineers to look at requirements and create test cases. These tools assist with the creation, planning, execution, and maintenance of test cases. Once the tests are completed, the tools allow you to track and create bugs that match your requirements.
Automated tests can be integrated into the tests to automatically capture results. Manual testing will require the manual recording of results by a quality analyst. There are two tools you can use to manage test results:
- Mantis Bug Tracker This open-source tool for managing test cases allows teammates to work together. This tool has custom fields for test cases, allows the user to control the access rights of various users, and includes email notifications for issues/updates/comments.
- TestCollab and IBM Rational Q Manager – This tool is a proprietary tool that helps to plan, manage, and report on test executions. This tool can be integrated with other bug management tools.
Functional Testing Tools
These tools allow the quality assurance engineer or software developer to test individual components of the software and report any errors to the development team. These tools are available for manual or automated testing. These are some of the most popular functional testing tools:
- Selenium This section includes two methods to test functionality.
- Selenium WebDriver allows automation testing to create functional and regression automation test sets. These scripts can run in multiple environments, just like any other software. These scripts are also compatible with multiple browsers.
- Selenium IDE – QA can record a sequence of steps on a browser multiple time and help in exploratory testing.
- Cucumber This tool allows automated testing and behavior-driven development. Functional tests can be written in plain text. They can also be automated using scripts in Ruby and Java,.Net and PHP. Cucumber’s plain text behavior can be translated into 40 languages to bridge the gap between Customer and QA as well as development teams.
These tools are used to test the API’s or service layer. The QA engineer can provide input parameters to ensure that the output parameters work as expected. This allows any partner or developer who wants to integrate with your product, to also test the API’s.
- Postman – This lightweight API testing tool can be used by API developers and API integrators as well as QA teams looking for quick answers during testing.
- Apiary Apiary guides the development and testing of API’s using a markdown language. It also includes code samples and validations for API’s.
Test tools for units
Developers use unit testing tools to test specific pieces of code. They are used to verify functionality and code quality. These tools help ensure that developers have done their due diligence to provide QA with a quality app to test. The language in which the product is developed will determine the tools used.
- JUnit and NUnit are the unit testing languages for Java.Net.php.
- SonarQube and Code Coverage – These tools allow for quality control on the code, which can affect the quality of the product as well as bugs in the QA process. These tools verify code compliance against coding standards and check for duplicate code.
Multi-browser Testing Tools
It is a constant challenge for QA personnel to keep up with the increasing number of devices and browsers. These tools allow cross-browser testing with multiple browsers and OS versions.
- Sauce Labs This service is used in conjunction with Selenium to run automated scripts on multiple browsers, including desktop and mobile. This service takes screenshots and generates reports to help identify browser-specific bugs.
- BrowserStack – Similar to Sauce Labs this service allows cross-browser testing on both mobile and desktop browsers.
Multi-Device Test Tools
Mobile apps can be used on multiple OS versions and screen resolutions making it difficult to test them. It becomes difficult and costly to purchase real devices to test on. This problem can be solved by a variety of tools:
- Device emulators – Although they may not be ideal for all testing purposes, emulators can be downloaded and used at no cost. Google and Apple provide emulators that can replicate a variety of devices and resolutions, making it easier for you to test apps.
- Amazon Device Farm This service allows users to upload apps to Android and Fire OS, then test them on real devices. This service charges for the time you spend testing on real devices. However, there is a 250-minute free trial. This could be a good alternative to testing Android applications.
- DeviceAnywhere This service allows you to test on real devices, both Android and iOS. There is a paid and a free version. You can start testing with the free version, which has limited functionality.
Each product has a tipping point at which the app’s performance starts to drop. These tools allow you to determine the reliability and scalability of your application. This tool simulates users in a distributed setting to test your application and loads tests to give data points about how many users your app can support and the maximum and minimal response times for your app. These tools enable performance testing:
- Soasta Cloud Test This allows you to quickly and continuously test virtual users in different locations. This test gives you real-time insights into the performance of your application. This allows QA to create and execute a load testing environment from a single environment. The service offers two versions: a free version that tests 100 virtual user accounts and an on-demand, paid version that can test any number of virtual users.
- Load Runner – This service allows you to access the performance of both native and browser-based mobile apps. It can run tests from multiple locations and also runs testing in the cloud. This service can be integrated into your development environment.
This is a list of QA tools that you can use to test each type of testing. There are many other options. Consider which testing tools work best for you and the team. Let us know what you think.